Watermelon farming is the cultivation of watermelon with the aim of harvesting the fruits from the watermelon plants. Watermelon farming is one the most lucrative farming ventures in Nigeria.
Watermelon, botanically known as Citrullus Vulgaris is an annual fruiting vine that can be grown in irrigated land areas under a soil pH of 6.0 to 6.8 pH level and about 9-18 inch tall; 10-15 ft. spread size.
Watermelon comes from the Cucurbitaceae family and is a warm annual season crop with a large and juicy fruit loaded with good nutrients.
The watermelon fruit is filled with water and can be eaten raw. You can grow watermelon quickly on your farms as it is easy to grow as long as you follow the right guides of farming watermelon.
Watermelon crops can be produced on sandy loam rich, and the ideal PH range is 6.5 – 7.5. Watermelon fruit is about 91% water, around 6% sugar and low amount of fat.
Some of the nutritional benefits of the watermelon fruit include but not limited to the following;
- The watermelon fruit helps you to be hydrated.
- Watermelon fruits are loaded with nutrients and beneficial plant components that are good for health.
- The watermelon fruits has anti-cancer effects and improves heart health.
- They reduce inflammation and oxidative anxiety.
- The watermelon fruits helps to prevent macular degeneration.
- The fruits help to improve skin health and digestion.
- The watermelon fruit helps to relieve muscle soreness.
Watermelons do best in loamy, somewhat-sandy, well-drained soil. They can struggle in soil that contains too much clay and doesn’t drain well.
They grow best on a sandy loam soil, although yields on clay soils can be increased significantly by mulching raised planting rows with black plastic film.
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In summary, when it comes to watermelon farming, it is a very profitable crop due to the watermelon fruits regular increasing demand and income per acre.
By growing watermelons in a farm, watermelon farmers can get a profit of 2 to 3 percent in 3 months duration of the watermelon maturing period.
In addition, commercial watermelon farming offers a huge profit by exporting the watermelon fruits to other states and countries.
Actually, the green part (shelf life) of watermelon crop lasts longer and its most eaten part remains edible for at least 3 to 4 weeks after harvesting if it doesn’t have spots or patches. That’s the reason why by exporting watermelons are very much possible and farmers can make a massive profit from that exercise.
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