What are the Different Types Of Pasture?

Pastures play a crucial role in livestock farming and animal husbandry. They provide a natural source of nutrition, space for exercise, and overall well-being for grazing animals.

However, not all pastures are created equal. Depending on various factors such as climate, soil conditions, and specific animal requirements, different types of pastures have evolved to suit specific needs.

In this article, we will explore the diverse types of pastures commonly found around the world.

Permanent Pastures

Permanent pastures consist of perennial grasses and legumes that are planted once and remain productive for several years. These pastures are often found in regions with favorable climates and consist of grass species like Bermuda grass, fescue, ryegrass, and clover. Permanent pastures require minimal maintenance and provide consistent grazing options for livestock.

Temporary Pastures

Temporary pastures are cultivated annually or biennially and typically involve the planting of quick-growing species such as annual ryegrass, oats, or wheat.

These pastures are suitable for short-term grazing or for providing extra forage during periods of high demand or limited availability. Temporary pastures are often used for rotational grazing or as a supplement to permanent pastures.

Native Pastures

Native pastures are composed of indigenous plant species that have adapted to the local environment over time. They are well-suited to the specific climate and soil conditions of a region and can provide a reliable source of forage for grazing animals.

Native pastures offer the advantage of requiring minimal inputs and are often more resistant to pests and diseases compared to introduced species.

Improved Pastures

Improved pastures are created by introducing non-native plant species that have superior forage characteristics and productivity compared to native plants.

These pastures are commonly found in areas where native pastures lack the desired nutritional value or productivity.

Improved pastures often consist of a combination of grasses, legumes, and forbs selected for their ability to thrive in the local climate and soil conditions.

Irrigated Pastures

Irrigated pastures are established in regions with limited rainfall or during dry seasons. These pastures are watered artificially to maintain sufficient moisture levels for optimal growth.

Irrigated pastures allow for increased forage production and can help overcome seasonal limitations. Common grasses found in irrigated pastures include Timothy grass, tall fescue, and various clover species.

High-Altitude Pastures

High-altitude pastures are found in mountainous regions where the climate and terrain pose unique challenges. These pastures are characterized by cool temperatures, limited growing seasons, and often steep slopes.

Hardy grasses such as bluegrass, fescue, and mountain brome are commonly found in these pastures, providing crucial forage for livestock during the summer months.

Coastal Pastures

Coastal pastures are located in regions near the sea, where the proximity to saltwater poses challenges for vegetation. Salt-tolerant grasses like seashore paspalum and coastal Bermuda grass are common in these areas.

Coastal pastures require careful management to balance saltwater exposure and soil salinity levels to ensure optimal forage growth.

In Conclusion, pastures come in a variety of types, each suited to specific environmental conditions and animal requirements.

Understanding the different types of pastures allows farmers and animal enthusiasts to make informed decisions about which varieties to establish for optimal grazing and forage production.

By choosing the right pasture type, farmers can ensure the health and well-being of their livestock while maximizing the productivity of their land.


Read Also: 10 Facts About Ornamental Grasses


Agric4Profit Online Community Changed status to publish September 5, 2023