Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are an essential legume crop consumed globally. Chickpea is a popular ingredient in several dishes, including hummus, chana masala, and falafel.
Chickpeas are grown worldwide, with the majority of production occurring in India. In this article, we will explore the percentage of the world’s chickpeas produced in India and the reasons behind the country’s dominant production.
What Percentage Of The World’s Chickpeas Is Produced In India?
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, India is the largest producer of chickpeas globally, accounting for approximately 67% of the world’s chickpea production in 2022.
The country has been the top producer of chickpeas since the 1980s, surpassing other significant producers such as Turkey, Australia, and Iran. In 2020, India produced 11.5 million metric tons of chickpeas, followed by Pakistan with 2.5 million metric tons and Turkey with 1.2 million metric tons.
Factors That Contribute To Chickpeas Production In India
Several factors contribute to India’s dominant chickpea production. Firstly, chickpeas are well-suited to India’s climate and soil conditions, allowing for high yields. The crop thrives in warm and dry environments, which are prevalent in many parts of India. Additionally, chickpeas require relatively low amounts of water, making them an ideal crop for dryland farming, which is common in India.
Secondly, chickpeas have long been a staple food in India, dating back to ancient times. As a result, the country has developed expertise in growing and harvesting chickpeas over the years. Farmers in India have developed efficient farming practices and use advanced technology to increase productivity and reduce costs.
Thirdly, the Indian government has provided support to chickpea farmers over the years, including subsidies, credit facilities, and research and development programs. The government has also implemented policies to encourage farmers to grow more chickpeas, such as minimum support prices, which ensure that farmers receive a fair price for their crops.
Despite its dominant production, India’s chickpea production has faced several challenges in recent years. Climate change, including changes in rainfall patterns and temperatures, has had a significant impact on chickpea yields in some parts of India. Pests and diseases, including the chickpea pod borer and wilt disease, have also affected yields. Additionally, the Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted the supply chain, making it difficult for farmers to sell their crops.
Overall, India is the world’s largest producer of chickpeas, accounting for approximately 67% of global production in 2020. Several factors contribute to India’s dominant production, including favorable climate and soil conditions, expertise in growing and harvesting chickpeas, and government support.
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